magnesium[mag nē′zē əm, -z̸hē əm, -z̸həm]
The definition of magnesium is one of the most abundant elements on the face of the Earth.
Facts About Magnesium
- Magnesium's atomic symbol is Mg and it is the eighth-most plentiful element in the Earth's crust.
- Its ions are essential in all living things and it is the second-most plentiful ion in seawater.
- It is never found naturally in its elemental form on Earth because of its reactivity. It is always found combined with other minerals.
- Over a hundred different minerals hold magnesium. Magnesium silicate is found in talc, which is used commonly in body powders and as lubricants.
- Muscle and nerve function depend upon magnesium, as does heartbeat, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure.
- It gives off a bright light when burned and is used in pyrotechnics such as fireworks, flares, and incendiary bombs.
- An important use of magnesium is preventing corrosion of steel and iron, such as in pipelines and the bottom of ships.
An example of magnesium is a mineral found in dark green vegetables, peas, almonds, whole grains, potatoes and avocados.
Origin of magnesiumModern Latin ; from magnesia
Origin of magnesiumFrom magnesia.
- A light, flammable, silvery metal, and a chemical element (symbol Mg) with an atomic number of 12.
From New Latin magnÄ“sium, from MagnÄ“sia (“region in Thessaly") +"Ž -ium.