Origin of magnesiumModern Latin from magnesia
- Magnesium's atomic symbol is Mg and it is the eighth-most plentiful element in the Earth's crust.
- Its ions are essential in all living things and it is the second-most plentiful ion in seawater.
- It is never found naturally in its elemental form on Earth because of its reactivity. It is always found combined with other minerals.
- Over a hundred different minerals hold magnesium. Magnesium silicate is found in talc, which is used commonly in body powders and as lubricants.
- Muscle and nerve function depend upon magnesium, as does heartbeat, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure.
- It gives off a bright light when burned and is used in pyrotechnics such as fireworks, flares, and incendiary bombs.
- An important use of magnesium is preventing corrosion of steel and iron, such as in pipelines and the bottom of ships.
The definition of magnesium is one of the most abundant elements on the face of the Earth.
Facts About Magnesium
An example of magnesium is a mineral found in dark green vegetables, peas, almonds, whole grains, potatoes and avocados.
Origin of magnesiumFrom magnesia
See Periodic Table
- A light, flammable, silvery metal, and a chemical element (symbol Mg) with an atomic number of 12.
From New Latin magnÄ“sium, from MagnÄ“sia (“region in Thessaly") +"Ž -ium.
- By heating with a small quantity of magnesium it is converted into germanious oxide, GeO.
- Of yttria, Y203, and 42.75 of the oxides of erbium, cerium, didymium, lanthanum, iron, beryllium, calcium, magnesium and sodium.
- The green plant prefers as a rule nitrates of various metals, such as calcium, magnesium or potassium.
- By plotting the specific volumes of these mixed crystals as ordinates, it is found that they fall on two lines, the upper corresponding to the orthorhombic crystals, the lower to the monoclinic. From this we may conclude that these salts are isodimorphous: the upper line represents isomorphous crystals of stable orthorhombic magnesium sulphate and unstable orthorhombic ferrous sulphate, the lower line isomor phous crystals of stable monoclinic ferrous sulphate and unstable monoclinic magnesium sulphate.
- Mehner patented heating the oxides of silicon, boron or magnesium with coal or coke in an electric furnace, and then passing in nitrogen, which forms, with the metal liberated by the action of the carbon, a readily decomposable nitride.