Promoted lieut.-general in 1864, he was nominated aide-de-camp-general and governor of the military conscription of Vilna.
It was first seen by white men in 1823 when it was reached by way of Tripoli by the British expedition under Dr Walter Oudney, R.N., the other members being Captain Hugh Clapperton and Major (afterwards Lieut.-Colonel) Dixon Denham.
Cole, Light Railways at Home and Abroad; Lieut.-Col.
The British losses were 259; the American 157, including Lieut.-Colonel Electus Backus, commander of the garrison before General Brown's arrival.
A reconnoitring force of 500 men under Lieut.-Colonel A.