any of several infectious diseases, esp. kala azar, caused by protozoan parasites (genus Leishmania)
Origin of leishmaniasisModern Latin from Leishmania, after Sir W. B. Leishman (1865-1926), Scottish bacteriologist
- An infection caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sandflies.
- A disease, such as kala-azar or either of two clinically distinct ulcerative skin diseases, caused by flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania.
Origin of leishmaniasisNew Latin Leishmania genus of protozoans ( after Sir William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), British medical officer ) -iasis