peninsula & country in E Asia, extending south from NE China: divided (1948) into a)Korean People's Democratic Republic (North Korea) occupying the N half of the peninsula: 46,541 sq mi (120,540 sq km); cap. Pyongyang, and b)Republic of Korea (South Korea) occupying the S half of the peninsula: 38,023 sq mi (98,480 sq km); cap. Seoul
A peninsula and former country of eastern Asia between the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan. Site of an ancient civilization dating to the 12th century BC, the peninsula was united as a kingdom in the 7th century AD and despite a Mongol invasion (13th century) remained unified until the Japanese occupation of 1910 to 1945. After World War II the Soviet- and US-occupied territories formed separate republics, and a North Korean invasion of the south led to the Korean War (1950-1953). The peninsula is now divided between North Korea and South Korea.
- An ancient country in East Asia. Since World War II, Korea has been divided into two sovereign states, commonly called South Korea and North Korea in the US, or Korea and North Korea in the UK.
- An informal name for the Republic of Korea (South Korea) or the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
From Korean 고려 (Goryeo).