jubilee[jo̵̅o̅′bə lē′, jo̵̅o̅′bə lē′]
A jubilee celebrates a special anniversary.
- The definition of a jubilee is a special anniversary or celebration.
An anniversary of 25 years of an event is a example of a jubilee.
- Jewish History a year-long celebration held every fifty years in which all bondmen were freed, mortgaged lands were restored to the original owners, and land was left fallow: Lev. 25:8-17
- an anniversary, esp. a 50th or 25th anniversary
- a celebration of this
- a time or occasion of rejoicing
- jubilation; rejoicing
- R.C.Ch. a year proclaimed as a solemn time for gaining a plenary indulgence and for receiving absolution, on certain conditions: an occurs every twenty-five years
Origin of jubileeMiddle English ; from Old French jubile ; from Ecclesiastical Late Latin jubilaeus ; from Ecclesiastical Greek iōbēlaios ; from Classical Hebrew (language) yōbēl, a ram, ram's horn used as a trumpet to announce the sabbatical year: influenced, influence by Classical Latin jubilum: see jubilate
- a. A specially celebrated anniversary, especially a 50th anniversary.b. The celebration of such an anniversary.
- A season or occasion of joyful celebration.
- Jubilation; rejoicing.
- often Jubilee Bible In the Hebrew Scriptures, a year of rest to be observed by the Israelites every 50th year, during which slaves were to be set free, alienated property restored to the former owners, and the lands left untilled.
- often Jubilee Roman Catholic Church A year during which plenary indulgence may be obtained by the performance of certain pious acts.
Origin of jubileeMiddle English jubile, from Old French, from Late Latin iūbilaeus, the Jewish year of jubilee, alteration (influenced by iūbilāre, to raise a shout of joy) of Greek iōbēlaios, from iōbēlos, from Hebrew yôbēl, ram, ram's horn, jubilee; see ybl in Semitic roots.
- (Jewish history) A special year of emancipation supposed to be kept every fifty years, when farming was abandoned and Hebrew slaves were set free. [from 14th c.]
- A fiftieth anniversary. [from 14th c.]
- (Catholicism) A special year (originally held every hundred years, then fifty, and then fewer) in which remission from sin could be granted as well as indulgences upon making a pilgrimage to Rome. [from 15th c.]
- A time of celebration or rejoicing. [from 16th c.]
From Middle French jubile (French jubilé), from Late Latin jūbilaeus. Beyond this point, the etymology is disputed. Traditionally this derives from Ancient Greek ἰωβηλαῖος (iōbēlaios, “of a jubilee”), from ἰώβηλος (iōbēlos, “jubilee”), from Hebrew יובל (yobēl/yovēl, “ram, ram's horn; jubilee”), presumably because a ram’s horn trumpet was originally used to proclaim the event. More recent scholarship disputes this – while the religious sense is certainly from Hebrew, the term itself is proposed to have Proto-Indo-European roots. Specifically, this interpretation proposed that Latin jūbilaeus is from iūbilō (“I shout for joy”), which predates the Vulgate, and that this verb, as well as Middle Irish ilach (“victory cry”), English yowl, and Ancient Greek ἰύζω (iuzō, “shout”), derived from Proto-Indo-European *yu- (“shout for joy”). In this interpretation, the Hebrew term is instead a borrowing from an Indo-European language, hence ultimately of Proto-Indo-European origin.
Ultimately from Hebrew יוֹבֵל (yovél, “ram's horn, shofar”), which was used for the proclamation of the year of Jubilee.