itu - Computer Definition
Chartered by the United Nations (UN), the ITUT primarily is responsible for setting recommendations intended to ensure the interconnectivity of national telecommunications networks.Those recommendations are treated as standards in most countries. The original predecessor organization was the International Telegraph Union (ITU), which was formed in 1865 to ensure the interconnectivity of national telegraph networks.The ITU formed the International Telephone Consultative Committee (CCIF) in 1924, the International Telegraph Consultative Committee (CCIR) in 1925, and the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) in 1927. The ITU changed its name in 1934 to the International Telecommunication Union and in 1956 the CCIT and CCIF merged to form the International Telephone and Telegraph Consultative Committee (CCITT). In 1992, the ITU formed into three sectors, the ITU-Telecommunication (ITU-T), Radiocommunication (ITU-R), and Telecommunication Development (ITU-D). See Appendix A for contact information. See also ITU-D, ITU-R, and ITU-T.
(International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, Switzerland, www.itu.ch) A telecommunications standards body that is under the auspices of the United Nations. Comprising more than 185 member countries, the ITU sets standards for global telecom networks. The ITU's Telecommunications division (ITU-T) produces more than 200 standards recommendations each year in the converging areas of telecommunications, information technology, consumer electronics, broadcasting and multimedia communications. In 1992, the ITU was streamlined into the following three sectors: ITU-D (Telecommunication Development) ITU-R (Radiocommunication) ITU-T (Telecommunication Standardization) A Lot of History: CCIT, CCIF, CCIR and CCITT The International Telegraph Union was founded in 1865 to promote the electric telegraph, which was invented in 1837. During the next 55 years, the telegraph flourished, and telephone and radio were pioneered. In the 1920s, three "Consultative Committees" were created: CCIT in 1924 for International Telegraph; CCIF in 1925 for International Telephone, and CCIR in 1927 for International Radio. In 1932, the word Telegraph was changed to Telecommunication in the ITU name. In 1956, CCIF and CCIT combined into CCITT (International Telephony and Telegraphy), which subsequenlty became ITU-T in 1992. CCIR and the International Frequency Registration Board (IFRB) were turned into ITU-R, and the Telecommunications Development Bureau became ITU-D.