Origin of ibid.Classical Latin ibidem in the same place: used in referring again to the book, page, etc. cited just before
Ibid, short for the Latin word ibidem, is defined as "in the same place" and is generally used in a footnote or reference citation to mean that the source is the same as the source referred to in the last footnote.
An example of ibid is "The project created positive results for the most part (Johnson 5), but it also created some unintended negative results such as fungus growth (Ibid)."
ibid. - Legal Definition
When citing a work, indicates that the citation is to the same volume and page as the previous citation.
- Remington, Codes and Statutes of Washington (ibid., 1910).
- 17, ibid.; Romanin, Storia documentata di Venezia, also other general Venetian histories; G.
- Lang, Ibid., June, July 1893, on Achilles in Scyros.
- The standard editions of his works are The Writings of Henry David Thoreau, Riverside edition (II vols., Boston, 18 941895), and Manuscript edition (12 vols., ibid., 1907).
- Der Stadt Triest (Trieste, 1857); Della Croce, Storia di Trieste (ibid., 1879); Scussa, Storia cronografica di Trieste (ibid., new ed., 1885-1886); Neumann-Spallart, Osterreichs maritime Entwicklung and die Hebung von Triest (Stuttgart, 1882); Die osterreich-ungarische Monarchie: Das Kiistenland (Vienna, 1891); Montanelli, Il Movimento storico della popolazione di Trieste (1905); Hartleben, Fi hrer durch Triest and Umgebung (5th ed., Vienna, 1905).