Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid. The drug does not occur naturally in nature, and has to be derived from two naturally occurring opiates. These opiates are codeine and thebaine.
Hydrocodone and similar compounds are marketed under a variety of different names, such as Vicodin, Symtan, Anexsia, Panacet, Mercodinone, and Xodol to name a few. It was first synthesized in 1920, and since then has remained a popular drug.
Hydrocodone is currently available only in combination of other ingredients. Since it is only available in combination with other ingredients, different types of hydrocodone perform different actions. For example:
- Some forms of hydrocodone are used to relieve pain. It accomplishes this by binding to opioid receptors in both the brain and spinal cord. This alters the way that your brain and spine are responding to pain so you do not feel it as acutely.
- Other forms of the drug are used to relieve severe coughs. The drug decreases activity in the area of the brain that is causing the individual to cough.
Hydrocodone comes in a variety of forms. You can get it in a tablet, a capsule, a syrup, an extended release capsule, and a solution to name a few of the forms.
Side Effects of Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone can cause a number of different side effects including:
- Dry and scratchy throat
- Extreme happiness
- Extreme sadness
- Problems urinating
Two of the more serious side effects include a tightness in your chest, or difficulty breathing. If you experience either of these side effects, you need to call both your doctor and the hospital immediately.
Hydrocodone is known to be habit forming. Some individuals take the drug for recreational use because of the pleasure that it can cause. Hydrocodone isn’t available in its purest form. It’s available in combination with aspirin, ibuprofen, or paracetamol. Additionally, you need a prescription from your doctor to receive it.
You can overdose on the drug, and it can be extremely dangerous. If you notice some of the following symptoms, then you need to call an ambulance:
- Blue skin
- Loss of consciousness
- Slowed heartbeat
- Extreme fatigue
If you overdose, you run the risk of death. Follow your doctor’s instructions exactly for how much you should take, and how often you should take the drug.
Origin of hydrocodone(di)hydrocod(ein)one