the oldest major movement or school in Buddhism, found especially in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia: it emphasizes the attainment of nirvana through meditation and monastic discipline
Origin of HinayanaSanskrit h?nay?na, literally , lesser vehicle
Offensive Theravada Buddhism.
Origin of HinayanaSanskrit H&imacron;nayanam, lesser vehicle (as contrasted with Mahayanam, greater vehicle; see Mahayana) : h&imacron;na-, inferior; see gh&emacron;- in Indo-European roots + yanam, vehicle, way; see ei- in Indo-European roots.
- This term is applied by some Mahayana Buddhists, but is not accepted as proper by Theravada Buddhists.
From Sanskrit हीनयान (hīnayāna, “lesser vehicle”).