a Spanish nobleman of secondary rank, below that of a grandee
Origin of hidalgoSp, contr. ; from hijo de algo, son of something ; from hijo, son (; from Classical Latin filius: see filial) + de, of + algo, something, possessions (; from Classical Latin aliquem)
state of central Mexico: 8,103 sq mi (20,987 sq km); cap. Pachuca
A member of the minor nobility in Spain.
Origin of hidalgoSpanish, alteration of hijo dalgo, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo : fijo, son (from Latin fīlius; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots) + de, of (from Latin dē; see de–) + algo, something, possession (from Latin aliquō, ablative of aliquid : alius, some; see al-1 in Indo-European roots + quid, something; see kwo- in Indo-European roots).
(plural hidalgos or hidalgoes)
- A state of Mexico.
Named after the Mexican independence leader Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.