ancient city in S Italy, at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius: buried, together with Pompeii, in a volcanic eruption ( 79)
An ancient city of south-central Italy on the Bay of Naples. A popular resort during Roman times, it was completely destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (AD 79). Important ruins have been unearthed since the early 1700s.
- The antiquities excavated at Herculaneum in that century (i.e.
- The rolls found in the ruins of Herculaneum contain generally the less interesting works of writers of the, Epicurean school.
- The more brittle condition of the Latin papyri found at Herculaneum has been instanced as the evil result of this re-making of the material.
- In the famous picture of Tomomachus of Byzantium Medea is deliberating whether or not she shall kill her children; there are copies of this painting in the mural decorations of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
- In the period before the Roman supremacy it appears to have been the chief town in the valley of the Sarnus, Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae and Surrentum all being dependent upon it.