HELSINGFORS (Finnish Helsinki), a seaport and the capital of Finland and of the province of Nyland, centre of the administrative, scientific, educational and industrial life of Finland.
Helsingfors is handsome and well laid out with wide streets, parks, gardens and monuments.
Some of the scientific societies of Helsingfors have a wide repute, such as the academy of sciences, the geographical, historical, Finno-Ugrian, biblical, medical, law, arts and forestry societies, as also societies for the spread of popular education and of arts and crafts.
Helsingfors displays great manufacturing and commercial activity, the imports being coal, machinery, sugar, grain and clothing.
Donner, Lieder der Lappen (Helsingfors, 1876); Poestion, Lappldndische Mi rchen, &c. (Vienna, 1885).