- a medieval guild of merchants
- a fee paid to this guild
Origin of hanseMiddle English from Middle French and from Medieval Latin hansa, both from Middle High German and Middle Low German hanse, association of merchants from Old High German hansa, band of men, akin to Old English hos, a troop
Origin of hanseMiddle English from Old French from Middle Low German from Old High German hansa military troop
From Middle English hanse, from Old French hanse (“hanse, fee, company of merchants”) and/or Medieval Latin hansa (“hanse, the Hanse League”); both from Middle High German hans, hanse (“association or corporation of merchants, the Hanse League”), from Old High German hansa (“troop of soldiers, host, company, multitude, crowd, mass”), from Proto-Germanic *hansō (“gathering, coalition, troop, company”), Proto-Indo-European *ḱómsōd (“union, gathering”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“beside, by, with, along”). Cognate with Gothic [script?] (hansa, “band of men”), Old English hōs (“company, escort, attendants, retinue”), Latin consilium ("council, advisory body"; < *consodium), Russian сосед (soséd, “neighbour”), Latin cum (“with”).
From German Hanse (“Hanseatic League”). More at hanse.