Originally Publius Aelius Hadrianus. AD 76-138
Emperor of Rome (117-138) who sought to end distinctions between Rome and the Roman provinces. During his visit to Britain (122), he ordered the construction of Hadrian's Wall.
- About 130 the emperor Hadrian decided to rebuild Jerusalem, and make it a Roman colony.
- We do not, however, know its date, save that, if not Domitian's work, it was carried out soon after his death, and the whole frontier thus constituted was reorganized, probably by Hadrian, with a continuous wooden palisade reaching from Rhine to Danube.
- Gregorovius, The Emperor Hadrian, trans.
- The emperor Hadrian, when he rebuilt the city, changed the name to Aelia Capitolina.
- The first building to which the name was given was that built in Rome in 27 B.C. by Agrippa; it was burned later and the existing building was erected in the reign of Hadrian; since A.D.