- A country of northern Central America. The site of a Mayan civilization dating back to 1500 BC, the area was conquered by Spain in 1524. After independence was achieved (1821), Guatemala joined in a federation of Central American states (1825-1838) before becoming a separate republic in 1839. Guatemala is the capital and the largest city.x
- also Guatemala City The capital and largest city of Guatemala, in the south-central part of the country. Founded on its present site in 1776, it was rebuilt after major earthquakes in 1917 and 1918.x
- A country in Central America. Official name: Republic of Guatemala.
Nahuatl cuauhtēmallān, translation of Quiché K'iche', literally "many trees".