Submarine activity in the open Mediterranean and Aegean had no small influence in determining the final abandonment of the Gallipoli enterprise and in preventing its resumption in the later stages of the war.
Gallipoli has an unattractive appearance; its streets are narrow and dirty, and many of its houses are built of wood, although there are a few better structures, occupied by the foreign residents and the richer class of Turkish citizens.
Gallipoli is the seat of a Greek bishop. It has two good harbours, and is the principal station for the Turkish fleet.
The guns of Gallipoli command the Dardanelles just before the strait joins the Sea of Marmora.