country in WC Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: formerly a French territory, it became independent in 1960: 103,347 sq mi (267,667 sq km); pop. 1,012,000; cap. Libreville
A country of west-central Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. Previously inhabited by Pygmy and then Bantu-speaking peoples, the region was visited by the Portuguese in 1472 and settled by the French in 1841. It became part of French Equatorial Africa in 1910 and achieved independence in 1960. Libreville is the capital.