FTP is defined as an acronym for file transfer protocol, which is a standard Internet protocol used to transmit and exchange large amounts of data and information over a network.
How It Works
- The file ftp://www.yourdictionary.com is stored on a server.
- When a user requests a transfer of a file, the ftp:// at the beginning of the address tells the server to send the correct page back to the user using file transfer protocol and not hyper text transfer protocol.
- To the user, data is being sent back and forth, but the speed the data travels at and how it is routed through the tunnels and gateways of the Internet is governed by the type of protocols that carry the data.
An example of FTP is the standard used to transmit information from a personal computer to a web domain Internet Service Provider.
FTP definition by American Heritage Dictionary
Origin: F(ile) T(ransfer) P(rotocol).
ftp - Computer Definition
- Foil Twisted Pair. Synonymous with shielded twisted pair (STP). See STP.
- File Transfer Protocol (FTP). An Application Layer protocol of the TCP/IP protocol suite, FTP supports the exchange of files between two host computers across the Internet. FTP also supports interactive user interface in which humans must interact with a remote host. The specifics of the file type and data format (e.g., ASCII, EBCDIC, or binary notation; and compressed or uncompressed) can be determined from client to server. FTP also requires clients to satisfy security authorization measures in the form of login and password. FTP makes use of TELNET for control messages between the hosts, and relies on connection-oriented Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) for data transfer. FTP is defined in IETF RFC 959 (1985). See also Application Layer, ASCII, binary notation, compression, connection-oriented, EBCDIC, host, IETF, Internet, login, password, protocol, protocol suite, TCP, TCP/IP, and TELNET.
A protocol used to transfer files between systems over a network, particularly from a host (that is, server) to a remote computer (that is, client). Netscape as well as other browsers provide built-in FTP capabilities. FTP was one of the first widely used protocols on the Internet for sharing and distributing files. Before the massive distribution of Web servers, FTP servers were, in fact, the most widely used means of distributing public domain data. Because FTP was developed in the days when the Internet was still considered to be a safe space, only very weak security measures were implemented. Therefore, a number of security flaws have been discovered over the years. Security professionals consider FTP to be inherently insecure. The password to authenticate at an FTP server, for example, is transmitted in clear-text and can be collected off the network easily with any sniffing tool. More recently, security measures have been taken to improve the security of the protocol by running it on top of an encryption service, such as FTP over TLS and SFTP.
(1) (Foil Twisted Pair) See twisted pair.
(2) (File Transfer Protocol) A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network (Internet, Unix, etc.). For example, after developing the HTML pages for a Web site on a local machine, they are typically uploaded to the Web server using FTP. FTP includes functions to log in to the network, list directories and copy files. It can also convert between the ASCII and EBCDIC character codes. FTP operations can be performed by typing commands at a command prompt or via an FTP utility running under a graphical interface such as Windows. FTP transfers can also be initiated from within a Web browser by entering the URL preceded with ftp://. FTP Vs. E-Mail E-mail was designed for ASCII text only. In order to include other file types such as images and programs in an e-mail message, they have to be converted to a full binary format and "attached" to the message. FTP was designed to handle binary files directly and does not add the overhead of encoding and decoding the data as does e-mail. FTP Vs. HTTP When you download a Web page, the HTTP protocol is used. HTTP and FTP operate in a similar manner for file transfer, and both support binary files. Also a Verb The term is also used as a verb; for example, "let's FTP them the file." See FTP commands, anonymous FTP and TFTP. See also FTTP.
ftp - Science Definition