Apart from the fjords and lakes the chief beauties of the Alps are glaciers and waterfalls.
The presence of the sea in these fjords is an accident.
In Norway it constitutes a considerable part of the dense woods of the southern dales, flourishing, according to Franz Christian Schiibeler, on the mountain slopes up to an altitude of from 2800 to 3100 ft., and clothing the shores of some of the fjords to the water's edge; in the higher regions it is generally mingled with the pine.
- The coasts of Greenland are for the most part deeply indented with fjords, being intensely glaciated.
Or more, and descends gradually by extremely gentle slopes towards the coasts or the bottom of the fjords on all sides, discharging a great part of its yearly drainage or surplus of precipitation in the form of icebergs in the fjords, the so-called ice-fjords, which are numerous both on the west and on the east coast.