- country in N Europe, northeast of the Baltic Sea: 130,547 sq mi (338,115 sq km); pop. 5,078,000; cap. Helsinki: Finn. name Suomi
- arm of the Baltic Sea, south of Finland: c. 250 mi (402 km) long
A country of northern Europe on the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland. Settled by Finnish people by the beginning of the 8th century, the region was controlled from the 13th century by Sweden and after 1809 by Russia. Finland became independent in 1917. Helsinki is the capital and the largest city.