an invented language, devised (1887) by Pol. physician L. L. Zamenhof (1859-1917), and proposed for use as an international (chiefly European) auxiliary language: it uses word bases common to the main European languages, and it has self-evident parts of speech (all nouns end in -o, all adjectives in -a, etc.), a single and regular conjugation of verbs, a few simplified inflections, etc.
Origin of Esperantoafter pseudonum of the inventor, literally (in Esperanto), one who hopes from present participle of esperi, to hope from Romance forms (Fr espérer, Spanish esperar, and the like ) from Classical Latin sperare, to hope
An artificial international language with a vocabulary based on word roots common to many European languages and a regularized system of inflection.
Origin of EsperantoAfter Dr. Esperanto , “one who hopes,” pseudonym of Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (1859-1917), Polish philologist
- An international auxiliary language designed by L. L. Zamenhof with a base vocabulary inspired by Indo-European languages such as English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Russian, and having a streamlined grammar with completely regular conjugations, declensions, and inflections.
- (figuratively) Anything that is used as a single international medium in place of plural distinct national media.
- The U.S. dollar is the Esperanto of currency.