an acute infectious disease of the skin or mucous membranes caused by a streptococcus and characterized by local inflammation and fever
Origin of erysipelasMiddle English erisipela from Classical Latin erysipelas from Classical Greek from base of erythros, red + -pelas, akin to Classical Latin pellis: see fell
- An acute bacterial infection of the skin and superficial lymphatic vessels, caused by streptococci and marked by localized inflammation and fever. Also called Saint Anthony's fire .
- Infection of pigs, sheep, turkeys, or other animals with the bacterium Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, characterized by symptoms such as skin lesions and arthritis in mammals and septicemia in fowl. Humans who become infected with the bacterium from handling infected animals or animal products can develop erysipeloid.
Origin of erysipelasMiddle English erisipila from Latin erysipelas from Greek erusipelas erusi- red ; see reudh- in Indo-European roots. -pelas skin ; see pel-3 in Indo-European roots.
- (pathology) severe skin disease caused by streptococcus infection in surface and surrounding tissue, marked by continued spreading inflammation
From Ancient Greek ἐρυσίπελας (erusipelas).