ancient Greek city in W Asia Minor, near what is now Izmir, Turkey: site of a large temple of Artemis (c. 550 – 260)
An ancient city of Greek Asia Minor in present-day western Turkey. Its temple, dedicated to Artemis, or in Roman times Diana, was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Saint Paul visited the city on his missionary journeys.
From Ancient Greek Ἔφεσος (Ephesos, “Ephesus”).
- At Ephesus the Count Candidian was commissioned to maintain order, but took little part in the proceedings.
- He published works on Leibnitz, empiricism and scepticism in Hume's philosophy, modern pessimism, Kantic criticism, English philosophy, Heraclitus of Ephesus and many other subjects.
- From Ephesus indeed the garrison fled upon the news of Granicus, but Miletus required a siege.
- It lay on the ancient trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates, on the Persian "Royal Road" from Sardis to Susa, and on the great Roman highway from Ephesus to the East.
- Philomelion was probably a Pergamenian foundation on the great Graeco-Roman highway from Ephesus to the east, and to its townsmen the Smyrniotes wrote the letter that describes the martyrdom of Polycarp. Cicero, on his way to Cilicia, dated some of his extant correspondence there; and the place played a considerable part in the frontier wars between the Byzantine emperors and the sultanate of Rum.