The new power which now rose, to the first rank, created by Philip of Macedon, bad no engrained tendency inimical to the Persian.
In these traits are engrained the general conditions of history and culture, under which the Iranians lived: on the one hand, the contrast between Iranian and Turanian; on the other, the dominating position of Babylon, which influenced most strongly the civilization and religion of Iran.
From the further use of "grain" for the texture of substances, such as wood, meat, &c., "engrained" or "ingrained" means ineradicable, impregnated, dyed through and through.
But the practice had been engrained in Hindu opinion by the authority of centuries, and had acquired the sanctity of a religious rite.
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