The Vatican is an enclave within Italy.
- Vatican City is an example of an enclave in Rome.
- A small group of people who only speak French who live surrounded by people who only speak English is an example of an enclave.
- a territory surrounded or nearly surrounded by the territory of another country: San Marino is an enclave within Italy
- a minority culture group living as an entity within a larger group
Origin of enclaveFrench from Old French from enclaver, to enclose, lock in from Vulgar Latin an unverified form inclavare from Classical Latin in, in + clavis, a key: see lot
- A country or part of a country lying wholly within the boundaries of another.
- A distinctly bounded area enclosed within a larger unit: ethnic enclaves in a large city.
Origin of enclaveFrench from Old French enclaver to enclose from Vulgar Latin inclāvāre Latin in- in ; see en- 1. Latin clāvis key
- A political, cultural or social entity or part thereof that is completely surrounded by another.
- The republic of San Marino is an enclave of Italy.
- The streets around Union Square form a Protestant enclave within an otherwise Catholic neighbourhood.
- A group that is set off from a larger population by its characteristic or behavior.
- ...it tends to make marriage itself a lifestyle enclave.
Enclaves are generally also exclaves, though exceptions exist (as detailed at list of enclaves and exclaves), and in common speech only the term enclave is used.
An enclave is an area surrounded by another area, while an exclave is an area cut off from the main area. An area can be cut off without being surrounded (such as Kaliningrad Oblast, cut off from the rest of Russia by Lithuania, Poland, and the Baltic Sea) hence exclaved without being enclaved, or surrounded without being cut off (such as the Kingdom of Lesotho, enclaved in South Africa, but not exclaved).
A pene-enclave (resp., pene-exclave) is an area that is an enclave "for practical purposes", but does not meet the strict definition. This is a very technical term.
(third-person singular simple present enclaves, present participle enclaving, simple past and past participle enclaved)