This was chiefly attributable to the ravages of the liver fluke which began in the disastrously wet season of 1879.
Thus swiftly and disastrously ended the southern expedition.
In 1777 General John Burgoyne succeeded in taking Ticonderoga, but in the swampy forests southward from Lake Champlain he fought his way against heavy odds, and in the middle of October his campaign culminated disastrously in his surrender at Saratoga.
After his coronation he carried on three successful campaigns against the Saracens and Seliuk Turks, whom he drove beyond the Euphrates; in a fourth he was disastrously defeated by Alp Arslan on the banks of the Araxes and taken prisoner.
In 1213 he was appointed seneschal of Poitou, with a view to the invasion of France which ended disastrously for John in the next year.