A synthetic glucocorticoid, C22H29FO5, used in the treatment of insufficient adrenocortical function, a variety of inflammatory disorders such as arthritis and ulcerative colitis, and certain types of cancer.
Origin of dexamethasone
dexa- (blend of deca- ) ( hexa- ) meth(yl) alteration of (predn)is(ol)one
Prenatal therapy, in which a pregnant woman at risk for a second CAH child is given dexamethasone to decrease secretion of androgens by the adrenal glands of the female fetus, has been in use since 1994.
J., et al. "Antibody response to diphtheriatetanus-pertussis immunization in preterm infants who receive dexamethasone for chronic lung disease."
Aerosolized racemic epinephrine as well as oral dexamethasone (a steroid) may be used to help shrink the upper airway swelling.
Corticosteroids, including prednisone and dexamethasone, are sometimes prescribed to reduce inflammation and brain swelling.
Oral hydrocortisone is prescribed for younger children, and prednisone or dexamethasone is prescribed for older children.