a degenerative disease in an organ of the body, esp. the liver, marked by excess formation of connective tissue and, usually, subsequent painful swelling
Origin of cirrhosisModern Latin from Classical Greek kirrhos, tawny + -osis: so named by R. T. H. Laënnec (1781-1826), French physician, because of the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver
- Any of various chronic diseases of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells, resulting from a variety of causes that include chronic alcoholism and certain diseases and infections, especially hepatitis C.
- Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ. No longer in clinical use.
Origin of cirrhosisNew LatinGreek kirros tawny (from the color of the diseased liver) -osis
- (pathology) A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
- (by extension) Interstitial inflammation of kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
From Ancient Greek κιρρός (kirrhos, “tawny”) and -osis