a degenerative disease in an organ of the body, esp. the liver, marked by excess formation of connective tissue and, usually, subsequent painful swelling
Origin of cirrhosisModern Latin ; from Classical Greek kirrhos, tawny + -osis: so named by R. T. H. Laënnec (1781-1826), French physician, because of the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver
- A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.
- Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ.
Origin of cirrhosisNew Latin : Greek kirros, tawny (from the color of the diseased liver) + –osis.
- (pathology) A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
- (by extension) Interstitial inflammation of kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
From Ancient Greek κιρρός (kirrhos, “tawny”) and -osis