Psychiatry a syndrome, esp. of schizophrenia, marked by stupor or catalepsy, often alternating with phases of excitement
Origin of catatoniaModern Latin cata- + Classical Greek tonos, tension from teinein: see tend
A psychological condition marked by severe decreases or increases of movement. It is variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mutism, catalepsy, agitation, and extreme flexibility or rigidity of the limbs and is most often associated with schizophrenia.
Origin of catatoniaNew Latin from German Katatonie from Greek katatonos stretching tight from katateinein to stretch tight kata- intensive pref. ; see cata- . teinein to stretch ; see ten- in Indo-European roots.