catatonia[kat′ə tō′nē ə]
Psychiatry a syndrome, esp. of schizophrenia, marked by stupor or catalepsy, often alternating with phases of excitement
Origin of catatoniaModern Latin cata- + Classical Greek tonos, tension ; from teinein: see tend
An abnormal condition variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs. It is most often associated with schizophrenia.
Origin of catatoniaNew Latin, from German Katatonie, from Greek katatonos, stretching tight, from katateinein, to stretch tight : kata-, intensive pref.; see cata– + teinein, to stretch; see ten- in Indo-European roots.