country in N North America: complete British control achieved, 1763; dominion established, 1867; complete autonomy, 1931: member of the Commonwealth: 3,481,753 sq mi (9,017,699 sq km); cap. Ottawa
Origin of CanadaFrench ; from a word for “village” in an extinct (before 1600) Iroquoian language of the lower St. Lawrence River valley
A country of northern North America. The original inhabitants of the region include the Inuit and First Nations. European colonists arrived in eastern Canada in the early 1600s, and the area was claimed by the French and then ceded (1763) to the English after the Seven Years' War. Confederation of the territories and provinces of British North America, which eventually included all land north of the United States, began in 1867 and ended with the addition of Newfoundland in 1949. The Statute of Westminster (1931) confirmed Canada's status as an independent Dominion within the Commonwealth. Ottawa is the capital and Toronto the largest city.
- A country in North America; official name: Canada.
- (historical) Lower Canada (also Canada East) or Upper Canada (Canada West), often “the Canadas."
From the Laurentian canada (“village, settlement"). See "Name of Canada" on Wikipedia.