- the rank or reign of a caliph
- the land ruled by a caliph
The definition of a caliphate is the rule of, or land ruled by, an Islamic political leader.
An example of a caliphate is an Islamic leader believed to be directly descended from Muhummad.
The office or jurisdiction of a caliph. The last caliphate was held by Ottoman Turkish sultans until it was abolished by Kemal Atatürk in 1924.
From caliph + -ate
- His success was constant and the caliphate was brought very low by him.
- The Caliphate under the Omayyads of Damascus, and then the Abbasids of Bagdad, became the principal power in the nearer East.
- The Caliphate, though Arabian, was always geographically outside Arabia, and on its fall Arabia remained as it was before Islam, isolated and inaccessible.
- Under the second caliph Omar (634-644) the Persians were defeated at Kadesiya (Kadessia), and Irak was completely subdued and the new cities of Kuf a and Basra were ',For the general history of the succeeding period see Caliphate; Egypt: History, §" Mahommedan."
- Indeed, in the time of the caliphate this was the channel of the Tigris, and on its banks stood the important city of Wasit.