- region occupying the southernmost part of the peninsula of Italy, opposite Sicily: 5,822 sq mi (15,079 sq km)
- former region (until 11th cent.) constituting what is now S Apulia, in SE Italy
A region of southern Italy forming the toe of the Italian “boot.” Founded as a Greek colony, it was subsequently held by Rome, the Byzantine Empire, the Normans, and the kingdom of Naples before becoming part of a united Italy in 1861.
- A region of southern Italy.
From the Ancient Greek Καλαβρία (Kalabria).
- Messina fell on the 10th of July, but Garibaldi, instead of crossing to Calabria, secretly departed for Aranci Bay in Sardinia, where Bertani was fitting out an expedition against the papal states.
- The mortality from malaria in 1902 was higher than for any other part of Italy-1037 persons, or 154 per 100,000 (Basilicata, 141; Apulia, 104; Calabria, 77; Sicily, 76; province of Rome, 27).
- Frederick landed in Calabria, where he seized several towns, encouraged revolt in Naples, negotiated with the Ghibellines of Tuscany and Lombardy, and assisted the house of Colonna against Pope Bonif ace.
- Its southern extremity, Calabria, forms a complete peninsula, being united to the mass of Lucania or the Basilicata by an isthmus isthmus 35 m.
- The range is, however, continued through the province now called Calabria, to the southern extremity or toe of Italy, but presents in this part a very much altered character, the broken limestone range which is the true continuation of the chain as far as the neighbourhood of Nicastro and Catanzaro, and keeps close to the west coast, being flanked on the east by a great mass of granitic mountains, rising to about 6000 ft., and covered with vast forests, from which it derives the name of La Sila.