boyar[bō yär′, bo̵i′ər]
- a member of the privileged aristocracy in czarist Russia, ranking just below the ruling princes: the rank was abolished by Peter I
- a member of the privileged aristocracy in Romania
Origin: Russ boyarin, pl. boyare, grandee < boj, battle < IE base *bhei-, to strike
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Origin: From boiaren, from Russian boyarin, from Old Russian boljarin, from Turkic baylar, pl. of bay, rich, Turkish bay, rich, gentleman.