- a member of the privileged aristocracy in czarist Russia, ranking just below the ruling princes: the rank was abolished by Peter I
- a member of the privileged aristocracy in Romania
Origin of boyarRussian bojarin, grandee from boj, battle from Indo-European base an unverified form bhei-, to strike
A member of a class of higher Russian nobility that until the time of Peter I headed the civil and military administration of the country and participated in an early duma.
Origin of boyarAlteration ( influenced by French boyard ) ( from Russian boyarin ) of Early Modern English boiaren from Russian boyarin from Old Russian bolyarinŭ from Old Church Slavonic probably from Bulgar Turkic (Turkic language of a Turkic tribe that settled in the Volga and Danube basins in the early Middle Ages ) boyla er noble man boyla Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan ( akin to Old Turkic boylā ) er man ( akin to Turkish) (Old Turkic er )
- (historical) A rank of aristocracy (second only to princes) in Russia, Bulgaria and Romania.
From Russian бояре (bojáre), plural of боярин (bojárin).