Particle Physics any of a class of subatomic particles that do not obey the Pauli exclusion principle and have zero or integral spin, including the mesons, weakons, and classons: bosons are thought to carry the four fundamental forces of nature (electromagnetism, gravity, strong interaction, weak interaction)
Origin of bosonafter S. N. Bose (1894-1974), Indian physicist + -on
Any of a class of particles, including photons, mesons, or alpha particles, that have integral spins and do not obey the exclusion principle, so that any number of identical particles may occupy the same quantum state.
Origin of bosonAfterSatyendra Nath Bose
- (physics) A particle with totally symmetric composite quantum states, which exempts them from the Pauli exclusion principle, and that hence obeys Bose–Einstein statistics. They have integer spin. Among them are many elementary particles, and some (gauge bosons) are known to carry the fundamental forces. Compare fermion.
From SN Bose (Indian physicist) + -on.
- (obsolete) A boatswain.
Contraction of boatswain.