country in SE Europe: it came under Turkish rule in the 15th cent. and under Austro-Hungarian control in 1878: it was part of Yugoslavia (1918-91): 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km); pop. 4,366,000; cap. Sarajevo
or Bos·ni·a-Her·ze·go·vi·na also Bos·ni·a-Her·ce·go·vi·na Commonly known as Bosnia
A country of the northwest Balkan Peninsula. It was a constituent republic of Yugoslavia from 1946 to 1991, when it declared its independence. In 1992 the country erupted in war among Serb, Bosniak, and Croat factions. A peace agreement was reached in November 1995 by Balkan leaders in Dayton, Ohio, which called for the creation of two substates, a Croat-Bosniak federation to govern one half of the country and a Bosnian Serb republic to constitute the other half, united under a newly created national presidency, assembly, court, and central bank. Population: 4,550,000.
Republic in southeastern Europe on the west Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Croatia to the west and north, Yugoslavia to the east, with a small outlet to the Adriatic Sea to the west. Sarajevo (see also Sarajevo) is the country's capital and largest city.
Sarajevo was the site of the assassination in 1914 of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, which sparked World War I.
In the early 1990s, brutal attacks by Serbian militia devastated the region, arousing international condemnation. In 1995, leaders of the rival Balkan states of Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia met in the United States and ended the fighting with a peace accord.