- a small evergreen tree (Citrus bergamia) of the rue family, grown in S Europe
- its pear-shaped, inedible citrus fruit
- an oil extracted from the rind of this fruit, used widely in perfumery
- any of several aromatic North American herbs (genera Monarda and Mentha) of the mint family, as horsemint or Oswego tea
Origin of bergamotFrench bergamote ; from Italian bergamotta ; from Turkish beg-armûdī, prince's pear (; from beg, bey + armūdi, pear); form influenced, influence by Bergamo
- a. A small tree (Citrus bergamia) commercially grown chiefly in southern Italy for its sour citrus fruits, the rinds of which yield an aromatic oil. Also called bergamot orange.b. The oil itself, used extensively in perfumery. Also called bergamot oil.
- Any of various aromatic plants in the genus Monarda of the mint family.
Origin of bergamotFrench bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, from Ottoman Turkish beg armudu, bey's pear (equivalent to modern Turkish bey armudu) : beg, bey; see bey + armut, armud-, pear (from Persian amrūd, from Middle Persian ūrmōd) + -u, possessive suff.
(countable and uncountable, plural bergamots)
- (botany) A tree of the orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
- The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
- A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
- (botany) Either of two plants of the mint family noted for their bergamot-like scent:
- Mentha × piperita, nothosubspecies citrata, more commonly known as bergamot mint
- Monarda didyma, also known as American bergamot or bee balm.
- A variety of pear.
(usually uncountable, plural bergamots)
- A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair.