One was obtained in the form of its amide by the reduction of benzamide in alkaline solution with sodium amalgam (A.
1888 , 14, p. 44 1); by the action of carbon dioxide on monobrombenzene in the presence of sodium; by condensing benzene And carbonyl chloride in presence of aluminium chloride, the benzoyl chloride formed being subsequently hydrolysed; and similarly from benzene and chlorformamide: C6H6 +Cl Conh 2 = Hc1 -C6h,CONH2, the benzamide being then hydrolysed.
Benzamide, C 6 H 5 CONH 2, is prepared by the action of benzoyl chloride on ammonia or ammonium carbonate, or from ethyl benzoate and ammonia.
Curtius, Ber., 1884, 17, p. 1662), and by heating benzamide with monochloracetic acid.
An, matter), formed the basis of benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, benzoyl chloride, benzoyl bromide and benzoyl sulphide, benzamide and benzoic ether.