country in S Asia, at the head of the Bay of Bengal: formerly (1955-71) the province of East Pakistan, it became independent (1971) & a member of the Commonwealth (1972): 57,295 sq mi (148,393 sq km); pop. 109,887,000; cap. Dhaka
A country of southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal. Formerly part of Bengal, it became East Pakistan when India achieved independence in 1947. After a civil war with West Pakistan (1971) culminating in military intervention by India, Bangladesh formed a separate nation. Dhaka is the capital and the largest city. Population: 150,000,000.