Ashkenazi[äs̸h′kə näz′ē; as̸h′kə naz′ē]
noun pl. Ashkenazim
- a member of the group of Jews that, after the Diaspora, settled in central, northern, and, later, eastern Europe and developed Yiddish as their spoken language
- a descendant of this group
Origin: Heb, a German Jew; earlier, a German, after ashkenaz, name of an ancient kingdom (see Jer. 51:27), after ashkenaz, second son of Gomer (see Gen. 10:3); prob. akin to Akkadian ishkuzai (> Gr Skythoi, the Scythians)
- Ashkenazic adjective
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
noun pl. Ash·ke·naz·im
Origin: Medieval Hebrew ’aškənāzî, from ’aškənaz, Germany, adoption of Hebrew ’aškənaz, name of one of Noah's grandsons and of a neighboring people, perhaps alteration of earlier *’aškûz, Scythians; akin to Akkadian ašguzai, iškuzai, from Old Persian Saka-, Skūča-.
- Ashˌke·nazˈic adjective