Mountain State of the SW U.S., on the Mexican border: admitted 1912: 113,635 sq mi (294,312 sq km); cap. Phoenix: abbrev. AZ or Ariz
Origin of ArizonaAmerican Spanish ; from Papago Arizonac, literally , little springs
Abbr. AZ or Ariz.
A state of the southwest United States on the Mexican border. It was admitted as the 48th state in 1912. Explored by the Spanish beginning in 1539, the area was acquired by the United States in 1848 through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Phoenix is the capital and the largest city.
- Ar′i·zo′nan, Ar′i·zo′ni·an
Unclear. From either Basque artiz ona (good oak) or O'odham alĭ ṣonak (small spring).