- Gram. designating, of, or in a case expressing removal, deprivation, direction away from, source, cause, or agency
- that ablates, as the protective coating material on the nose cone of a space missile
Origin of ablativeMiddle English from Classical Latin ablativus from ablatus, past participle of auferre from ab-, away + ferre, to bear
- the ablative case: this case is expressed by inflection in languages such as Latin, Sanskrit, and Hungarian
- a word or phrase in this case
Of, relating to, or being a grammatical case indicating separation, direction away from, sometimes manner or agency, and the object of certain verbs. It is found in Latin and other Indo-European languages.
- The ablative case.
- A word in this case.
Origin of ablativeMiddle English from Latin ablātīvus from ablātus carried away ; see ablation .
- Of, relating to, or capable of ablation.
- Tending to ablate.
Origin of ablativeFrom ablation
- (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.] .
- (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.]