But, not everyone is a foodie. If you struggle to decipher a fancy menu or are attempting to order at a new restaurant, this slideshow will help you become familiar with some foodie terms.
It is recommended that people with a weakened immune system or chronic illness avoid consuming tartare due to the risk of contamination from bacteria or parasites.
How to say it: tar-tar
Cajun chefs use a variation of mirepoix with 3 parts onions, 2 parts celery, and 1 part green bell pepper that is nicknamed the "the holy trinity." The Spanish and Italian soffritto and the German suppengrün are mirepoix variations using tomatoes, leeks, parsnips, fennel bulb, celery root shallots, and garlic.
How to say it: meer-pwah
Sous vide is a cooking method that consists of sealing food in an airtight plastic bag and placing it in a water bath in a vacuum environment for a long period of time. The technique is most frequently seen in high-end restaurants, but has also been used to quickly prepare large quantities of food for victims of hurricanes and other disasters.
How to say it: sue veed
It is used to thicken the liquids in stews, sauces, gravies, and soups. A roux is frequently cooked to a dark brown if it is being used in Creole cooking.
How to say it: rue
This fifth taste was pinned down in the early 20th century by a Japanese scientist, but catering to that taste is a fairly recent food trend in the West. Umami-rich foods include soy sauce, fish sauce, shiitake mushrooms, cured meats, green tea, and tomatoes. Our taste for umami develops early, as breast milk is also rich in this flavor.
How to say it: oo-MA-mee
Some examples of the different types of Spanish tapas include calamares or rabas (rings of battered squid), aceituna (olives with a filling of anchovies or red bell pepper), empanadas (turnovers with meat and vegetables), and setas al ajillo (mushrooms sautéed with olive oil and garlic).
How to say it: tap-as
Ordering omakase gives the chef a chance to be creative and innovative in his selections. You'll typically receive a selection of items, starting with lightest fare and moving on to the heaviest dishes.
How to say it: o-MA-ka-say
Restaurants often provide hoisin, sriracha, and fish sauce to add to your pho, but true foodies know that pho's distinct flavors are meant to be savored on their own.
How to say it: fuh
The term is also used to refer to a Swiss dish based on heating the cheese and scraping off the melted part directly onto the diner's plate. Raclette is usually served with small, boiled potatoes, pickled onions, salami, and herbal tea or wine to drink. Raclette is associated with relaxed and sociable gatherings, so it's not uncommon for the dish to be served over several hours.
How to say it: rah-klett
Indonesian cuisine uses a similar method of cooking that involves wrapping food in large banana leaves before baking. The leaves provide all of the necessary moisture and are often eaten as part of the dish.
How to say it: awn pa-pee-yott