The porters of the town are all Kurds, the river-men Chaldaean Christians.
Kurds live upon the Commagenian plains here and there, as also in the northern trans-Euphratean plains.
Avicenna was even raised to the office of vizier; but the turbulent soldiery, composed of Kurds and Turks, mutinied against their nominal sovereign, and demanded that the new vizier should be put to death.
In general the attitude of the Albanians in the north-eastern districts towards the Slavonic peasantry may be compared with that of the Kurds towards the Armenians.
The estimated population is about 12,000, of whom ii,000 are Kurds, and the majority of the remaining 1000 Jews.