The people were presumably out of sympathy with hellenizers, whether they belonged to the house of Onias or that of Tobiah.
The hellenizers had not lost all hope of converting the nation and were indisposed to acquiesce in the concordat.
The Hellenizers still enjoyed the royal favour and Jonathan made no attempt to dispossess them.
By this time (103 B.C.) it was clear that the Hasmonaeans were - from the point of view of a purist - practically indistinguishable from the Hellenizers whom Judas had opposed so keenly, except that they did not abandon the formal observances of Judaism, and even enforced them upon foreigners.
Many hellenizers rallied round those who were minded to die rather than abjure their religion.