List of Suffixes: 30 Must-Know Suffix Examples

, B.A. English & Psychology
Updated July 15, 2022
Suffix definition and chart with meanings and examples
    Suffixes definition and list
    Created by Karina Goto for YourDictionary
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A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning or function. These useful, shapeshifting tools can be as small as -s and -ed or can be larger additions such as -ation and -ious. Learn more about suffixes by checking out a clear definition and exploring a suffixes list.

The Function of a Suffix

A suffix is a type of affix. Suffixes change the meaning or grammatical function of a base word or root word. For example, by adding the suffixes -er and -est to the adjective fond, you create the comparative fonder and the superlative fondest. Explore a suffixes list to broaden your vocabulary.

Examples of Suffixes

Like prefixes, there are many suffixes used in the English language to create a rich vocabulary. Take the suffix -ist for example, by adding this to a word, you have changed the word to describe a person who performs or practices something. So, art becomes artist, a person skilled in a particular art.

Let's look at the verb read. This verb can be turned into a noun by adding the suffix -er so read becomes reader. Likewise, by adding the suffix -able, the verb read now becomes the adjective readable. Check out a list of noun, adjective, verb, and adverb suffix examples.

Noun Suffixes

Nouns are used to identify a person, place, thing, or idea. Dive into a list of noun suffixes along with their meaning and examples.




-ee individual does something

referee, employee, trustee, retiree


engaged in something, associated with something

auctioneer, volunteer, engineer, profiteer


someone who performs an action

helper, teacher, preacher, dancer


the action or process of

celebration, opinion, decision, revision


theory, act or belief criticism, humanism, professionalism, patirotism


the state or condition of

probability, equality, abnormality, civility


the action or result of

movement, retirement, abandonment, establishment


a state or quality

fondness, awareness, kindness, darkness


a person who is something

distributor, investigator, translator, conductor


state or being

depression, confusion, tension, compulsion


position held

worship, ownership, courtship, internship


state or quality

strength, labyrinth, depth, warmth


Adjective Suffixes

Since you can have noun suffixes, it only makes sense that you can have adjective suffixes too. These suffixes work to make words that you can use to describe things.




-able, -ible

capable of being

preventable, adaptable, predictable, credible


pertaining to

theatrical, natural, criminal, seasonal


inclined to or tending to

vigilant, defiant, brilliant, reliant


of or relating to

budgetary, planetary, military, honorary


full of or notable of

grateful, beautiful, wonderful, fanciful


relating to

iconic, organic, heroic, poetic

-ious, -ous

having qualities of

gracious, cautious, humorous, fabulous


quality or nature of

creative, expensive, expressive, preventive


without something

hopeless, faultless, fearless, restless


made up of or characterized by

brainy, fruity, tasty, grouchy


Verb Suffixes

In a sentence, you use a verb to tell the action or state. For example, you laughed at the joke. See a few different verb suffixes that you might use in your sentences.





past-tense version of a verb

laughed, climbed, called, missed



soften, fasten, lengthen, strengthen


action or process, making an adjective comparative

faster, bigger, fuller, longer


verb form/present participle of an action

laughing, swimming, driving, writing

-ize, -ise

to cause or to become

memorialize, authorize, commercialize, advertise

Adverb Suffixes

Information in a sentence is key. Therefore adverbs are important because they convey information about adjectives or verbs. Check out these adverb suffix examples at work.





in what manner something is being done

bravely, simply, honestly, gladly


in a certain direction

backward, wayward, awkward, afterward


in relation to

clockwise, edgewise, lengthwise, otherwise


Using Suffixes

Suffixes create variety in the English language. They provide endless ways to express our thoughts, feelings, findings, and emotions. They morph nouns into adjectives and verbs into nouns. They express deeper qualities, providing layers of color and intrigue required by writers.

Be aware that sometimes adding a suffix to a base word changes the spelling of the new word, as in create/creative. To help you learn why and when this happens read suffix spelling rules.