When people hear of ballads, they immediately think of songs like lovestruck melodies from famous performing artists such as The Righteous Brothers, Elvis Presley, Lonestar, Frank Sinatra, and Peter Gabriel. While they are partially correct, ballads can also be narrative pieces written in a poetic form. Explore ballad examples through history by looking at different excerpts.
When you think ballad, think story. Ballads are a type of narrative verse, with some consisting of quatrains and others consisting of couplets. Ballads have a few different elements.
- narrative - They generally tell a story in a very direct manner, and they do not have to be about love at all.
- imagery - Ballads often use vivid and expressive imagery in a detached manner to relay the tale.
- musical - A prominent characteristic of ballads is that they can often easily be put to music.
They may eventually be set to music, or they remain in their original forms. However, in general, whether a ballad is a song or a story, it tends to have some sort of musical quality to it.
Ballads were a major part of the oral tradition. Therefore, they were not frequently written down. It was not until around the 13th century in Italy and Spain that ballads became an important form of the written literary tradition. Examine an early example of ballad.
This form of poetry tells more of a story than many other poetry types. The ballad is able to complete a more full picture of what is going on. A 13th century example of a ballad is "Ballata 5" by Guido Cavalcanti, which emphasizes the form and voice of the standard ballad of the day.
"That which befalls me in my Lady's presence
Bars explanation intellectual.
I seem to see a lady wonderful
Spring forth between her lips, one whom no sense
Can fully tell the mind of,and one whence
Another, in beauty, springeth marvelous,
From whom a star goes forth and speaketh thus:
'Now my salvation is gone forth from thee.'"
Throughout the 15th century, ballads began to take the form of advice pieces. Their purpose was often to impart wisdom upon the reader. Their influence also spread, and soon writers in England, Spain, France, Italy, and Germany were composing them.
In the middle of the 15th century, Francois Villon wrote a ballad entitled "Ballad of the Gibbet.” Villon was advising his enemies but also making a narrative statement about the condition of being hunted by another person.
"Brothers and men that shall after us be,
Let not your hearts be hard to us:
For pitying this our misery
Ye shall find God the more piteous."
Around the same time period, Edwin Honig crafted "Ballad of the Cool Fountain." This piece is proof that the ballad began advancing toward much more narrative forms.
“Fountain, coolest fountain,
Cool fountain of love,
Where all the sweet birds come
For comforting-but one,
A widow turtledove,
At once the nightingale,
That wicked bird, came by,
And spoke these honied words:
'My lady, if you will,
I shall be your slave.'"
One of the most famous examples of a ballad is Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner." He truly sophisticated the form because he combined elements of the earlier ballads with newer methods. While his work is a complete narrative piece, a reader could still take out one section and get a sense of what is going on, much like in a novel. His ballad is also extremely lyrical. If you try singing these words to the tune of the Gilligan's Island theme song, you will see its lyrical quality.
“It is an ancient Mariner,
And he stoppeth one of three.
By thy long grey beard and glittering eye,
Now wherefore stopp'st thou me?
The bridegroom's doors are opened wide,
And I am next of kin;
The guests are met, the feast is set:”
The following ballads are considered ballads in the poetic sense. Much like Coleridge's piece, they could be set to music, but that was not the original intent of their authors. Different examples you can explore include:
- "As You Came From The Holy Land" by Sir Walter Raleigh
- "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" by John Keats
- "The Ballad of a Bachelor" by Ellis Parker Butler
- "Ballad on the American War" by Robert Burns
- "Ballad of the Army Cats" by Tu Fu
- "A Ballad Of The Trees And The Master" by Sidney Lanier
- "The Kirk of Scotland's Alarm: A Ballad" by Robert Burns
- "A Ghost in the Night" by Nan Nichols
- "Summoned by the King" by William Kite
- "The Broken-legg'd Man" by John Mackey Shaw
- "The Walrus and the Carpenter" by Lewis Carroll
- "The Ballad of Reading Gaol" by Oscar Wilde
- "Ballad of the Green Berets" by SSgt. Barry Sadler
- "Richard Cory" by Edwin Arlington Robinson
Read through some of these ballad poems and you will find the main strand that ties them together: they all tend to tell a certain story. Let’s check out a few in more detail.
Yeats was a poetry master. However, his ballad “The Second Coming” almost makes you want to sing.
“Turning and turning in the widening gyre
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.”
Keats was another poetry wizard that weaved magic with the narrative style and structure of a ballad. He used the ABCB rhyme scheme and four-line stanzas for his famous poem “La Belle Dame Sans Merci.”
“I saw pale kings and princes too,
Pale warriors, death-pale were they all;
They cried—‘La Belle Dame sans Merci
Thee hath in thrall!’
I saw their starved lips in the gloam,
With horrid warning gapèd wide,
And I awoke and found me here,
On the cold hill’s side.”
Poetry great Edgar Allen Poe also dabbled in the waters of the ballad through his narrative, yet depressing poem of his lost love. The regular rhyme scheme, narrative style and vivid imagery make it a perfect ballad example.
“It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.”
Literary great Oscar Wilde created an emotional ballad detailing imprisonment. Using his personal experience, Wilde crafted a structured ballad full of imagery with “The Ballad of Reading Gaol.”
“He did not wear his scarlet coat,
For blood and wine are red,
And blood and wine were on his hands
When they found him with the dead,
The poor dead woman whom he loved,
And murdered in her bed.”
Of course, ballads are also types of songs, and these particular types of songs tend to be romantic, although they can portray other emotions as well. A few examples include:
- "I Can't Help Falling in Love With You" by Elvis Presley
- "God Must Have Spent A Little More Time On You" by Nsync
- "Candle in the Wind" by Elton John
- "Faithfully" by Journey
- "Hard to Say I'm Sorry" by Chicago
- "More Than A Feeling" by Boston
- "Bridge Over Troubled Water" by Simon and Garfunkel
- "Tears in Heaven" by Eric Clapton
- "Ballad of the Triangle Fire" by Ruth Rubin
- "Ballad of the Green Berets" by SSgt. Barry Sadler
Again, listening to or reading the lyrics of these songs will show you the common characteristics of ballads.
A famous example of a ballad song can be found by The Righteous Brothers.
“Woah, my love, my darling
I've hungered for your touch
A long, lonely time
And time goes by so slowly
And time can do so much
Are you still mine?
I need your love
I need your love
God speed your love to me”
Ruth Rubin also wrote a famous ballad song about the Triangle Fire in New York City. It highlights the sweatshop fire.
"In the heart of New York City, near Washington Square
In nineteen eleven, March winds were cold and bare.
A fire broke out in a building ten stories high,
And a hundred and forty-six young girls in those flames did die."
Ballads are important to look at because they show how the form has developed over time. A ballad is not simply a romantic song, although that definition will still apply in the field of music. Romance can be infused into ballads, especially if they are a narrative tale of love (or hate). However, they are so much more as well. Learn more about how to write a ballad by checking out how to write a ballad poem step by step.