The appearance of the Asiatic elephant is familiar to all.
In this respect the Asiatic species differs very widely from its African relative, whose nutriment is largely composed of boughs and roots.
The Asiatic elephant inhabits the forest-lands of India, Burma, the Malay Peninsula, Cochin China, Ceylon and Sumatra.
The African elephant is a very different animal from its Asiatic cousin, both as regards structure and habits; and were it not for the existence of intermediate extinct species, might well be regarded as the representative of a distinct genus.
In size the male African elephant often surpasses the Asiatic species, reaching nearly 12 ft.