Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics
former country in E Europe & N Asia, extending from the Arctic Ocean to the Black Sea & from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific: formed in 1922 as a union of fifteen constituent republics, it was disbanded in 1991: 8,649,000 sq mi (22,401,000 sq km); cap. Moscow
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Commonly called Soviet Union or RussiaAbbr. USSR
A former country of northern Eurasia with coastlines on the Baltic and Black Seas and the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. Established by the union (1922) of the Russian SFSR (proclaimed after the Russian Revolution of 1917) and various other soviet republics in the former Russian Empire, the USSR quickly became a totalitarian state under Communist rule. After the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the competing geopolitical ambitions of the USSR and its former Western allies led to the Cold War. In 1991, most of the constituent republics declared their independence, and the USSR was officially dissolved. Moscow was the capital.
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