Origin of tziganeFrench from Hungarian czigány (modern spelling, spelled cigány) from a southern Slavic language
- (sometimes offensive) A Hungarian Gypsy (Romani person).
From the Hungarian cigÃ¡ny, which entered English via French. The Hungarian derives from Byzantine Greek Ï„ÏƒÎ¹Î³Î³Î¬Î½Î¿Ï‚ (tsingÃ¡nos, “Gypsy"). Cognate to Italian zigano and Spanish cÃngaro. More broadly, also cognate to German Zigeuner, Italian zingaro, Portuguese cigano, Polish Cygan, Czech CikÃ¡n, Russian Ñ†Ñ‹Ð³Ð°Ð½.
The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Rom (words related to the Romani people's autonyms) and cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt); see those entries for more information.