Origin of turbineFrench from Classical Latin turbo, whirl: see turbinate
The definition of a turbine is an engine that provides continuous power because a wheel or a rotor is continually turning due to pressure from fast moving water, gas or steam.
An engine powered by water pressure causing a wheel to turn that allows you to run your dairy machine is an example of a turbine.
an engine or motor having a drive shaft driven either by the impulse of steam, water, air, gas, etc. against the curved vanes of a wheel (or set of wheels) or by the reaction of fluid passing out through nozzles located around the wheel
Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted to mechanical power by the impulse or reaction of the fluid with a series of buckets, paddles, or blades arrayed about the circumference of a wheel or cylinder.
Origin of turbineFrench from Latin turbō turbin- spinning top perhaps from Greek turbē turmoil
top: impulse turbine
bottom: reaction turbine
- A recent form of the Jonval turbine is shown in fig.
- 99, p. 167), using Froude's turbine to obtain the highly resisting spiral vortices, and arranging passages in the casing for the entry of water at the hub of the wheel and its exit at the circumference.
- 2 The following statistics of turbine construction in Switzerland are taken from Schweizerische Bauzeitung (1901), p. 128, which, in the same volume at p. 53, contains a valuable article on the most important improvements in turbines and their regulation shown in the Paris Exhibition of 1901: - of one of these, which gave an efficiency of 87% at full load and 70% at about three-fifths full load.
- Another turbine which has come into extensive use is the " Francis," an exceedingly efficient turbine on a low fall with large quantities" of water.
- This turbine was designed to give 1250 H.P. with a fall of 25 ft.